Gums that are retracted exposing the roots of teeth surface is a common condition in adults 40 years of age or older.
Why does it happens?
Many consider that this is simply a sign of aging and in some cases is essentially that, the result of wear and tear that comes from years of brushing your teeth aggressively. However, sometimes the receding gums can be a sign of something more.
In many cases, the retraction of the gingiva is caused by a condition periodontal (gum disease). Three of every four adults have some form of this disease and in many cases, it does not cause pain and therefore goes unnoticed.
Common in adults, the gum disease begins when plaque that contains bacteria builds up on the teeth and gums. When the plate is not removed daily, this produces toxins that irritate and inflame the gums. The inflammatory process eventually destroys the tissues of the gums causing that she is separate from the tooth and creating spaces called lumps or pockets. These lumps or pockets accumulate more bacteria, which complicates the problem.
The disease of the gums and its stages
In the early stages, the disease of the gums (gingivitis), marked by red or swollen gums that bleed easily is reversible and can be detected and treated by your dentist or dental hygienist during their periodic evaluations. While progressing disease (periodontitis), this can destroy the bone and soft tissues holding the teeth.
In the advanced stages of periodontitis, teeth can move, fall, or should possibly be removed by a dentist. In fact, the periodontitis is responsible for 70 percent of the loss of teeth in adults 40 years of age or older.
How is it prevented?
The good news is that these conditions on the gums can be prevented through good daily habits of oral hygiene. The receding gums is prevented by brushing the teeth with a soft toothbrush, using mild to moderate pressure and small circular movements or short back and forth movements. Avoid hard-bristled toothbrushes and avoid brushing horizontally with excessive pressure on your toothbrush.
How can you help your dentist?
If you have receding gums, sometimes it is possible to graft tissue to cover the exposed portion of the root surface and strengthen brittle gum tissue to protect it from further shrinkage. In the receding gums, sensitivity resulting from the exposure of the root surface is also common. Your dentist can apply medication in your dental office or recommend products that you use in your home to help reduce the sensitivity of these surfaces and help protect your teeth.
Not to forget
Remember, adults can retain their natural teeth for life if they brush their teeth, use dental floss every day and visit the dentist regularly.
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